Home > Death by Execution, Untimely Death > Hermano Pule, 26 Yrs Old

Hermano Pule, 26 Yrs Old

hermano pule

(1815-1841) was born Apolinario de la Cruz in barrio Pandác, Lucbán, Tayabas (now Quezon), but is better known as Hermano Pule. He led the first major revolt in the Philippines, based on a struggle for religious freedom and independence.

As an infant, Apolinario wanted to become a priest. At the age of 24 in 1839, he attempted to enter a prestigious monastic order in Manila. He was refused because he was considered of a lower social class, an ‘indio’ (native and indigent). Frustrated, he worked in the San Juan de Dios Hospital. During his spare time, he studied the Bible and other religious material. He also listened to church sermons, thus developing his own racially-inspired versions of theology.

In June 1840, without permission of the Holy Father, he founded the Cofradia de San José (Confraternity of St. Joseph) which excluded all Caucasians. The brotherhood fostered a practice of Christian virtues, while excluding brothers and sisters of other races. When Spanish religious authorities became aware of the creation of the organization, it was condemned as heresy and against the teaching of Christ of brotherly love. The brotherhood’s number grew despite its proscription by the Catholic Church.

Authorities, including (Spanish)Governor-General Marcelino Oraa and Roman Catholic Archbishop Jose Segui, regarded the Cofradia as heresy and an abomination of universal Christian values, ordering its dissolution. Despite its religious prohibition, the Cofradia continued to multiply in its numbers.

Feeling an attack on their religious freedom from Catholic authorities, Pule rallied 4,000 followers at Barrio Isabang on the slope of Mount Banahaw and was able to resist an attack by Alcalde-mayor Juan Ortega and his 300 men on October 23, 1841.

However, reinforcements came on November 1st, with Colonel Joaquin Huet who annihilated the Cofradia forces, allegedly massacring hundreds of old men, women and children who joined Pule in Alitao in defying the Catholic leaders of the Church.

Pule fled to Barrio Ibanga but was captured by authorities the following evening, and on November 4, 1841 he was executed by a firing squad at the town of Tayabas.

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  1. June 3, 2013 at 2:17 am | #1

    Hermano Pule left a widow, Juana Laqueo. Juana was pregnant and fled together with the other members of the Cofradia who had escaped the Spanish dragnet. Juana gave birth in 1842 to a son whom she named Apolinario. She dropped the name dela Cruz and reverted to her father’s surname, Laqueo, in order to hide her and her son’s true identity from the colonial and church authorities.who had continued a policy to physically exterminate the Cofradia de San Jose.

    Apolinario Laqueo (Amamang Poling) married a Lagdameo and their eldest daughter was born in 1860. Her name was Francisca (Inanang Iska). She married a Brillon and on Nov. 12, 1881, Inanang Iska gave birth to a daughter whom Amamang Poling named Arcadia (Inanang Cadia).

    In 1887, a procession in Tayabas by the Cofradia de San Jose was violently dispersed by the Guardia Sibil who fired on the marchers. About 200 were killed including many women and children. Amamang Poling and his son-in-law, Brillon, were also killed.

    When Arcadia was 18 years old, she married Marcos Iglesia (Amamang Marcos), a master carpenter and a local Cofradia leader. The ceremony was held on Dec. 16, 1899 in Sitio Usiwan, Barrio Palola, Lucban – the same place where Hermano Pule first founded the Cofradia de San Jose. They had 5 children – Leonarda (1900), Leonila (1902), Zebideo (1904), Nieves (1014), and Mercedes (1917).

    When Inanang Cadia was pregnant with Mercedes (my Nanay Siding), Amamang Marcos fell from the roof of a new church. He had volunteered in the construction of the church of the newly established Lucban Christian Presbyterian Church led by American missionaries Rev. Dr. Charles and Mrs. Rebecca Snoody. As a result of the accident, Amamang Marcos got seriously ill. He died before Nanay Siding was born on Sept. 21, 1917.

    Nanay Siding eventually married Vicente Rodriguez y Japor of Barrio Ibabang Dupay, Lucena. Tatay Ente was a policeman. Nanay Siding died from complications due to cancer of the large intestine in May 1984. Tatay Ente suffered a massive stroke in November 1989 and died days later at a hospital in Pasay City (owned by the Seventh Day Adventists) a few days before the YOU and Magdalo inspired coup d’ etat against the government of the late Pres. Cory Aquino.

    They were survived by Rebecca Rodriguez-de Castro, now 72 years old and living in Canada with her married daughter Genalyn Grace de Castro-Omolida; Eliezer Rodriguez, 69 years old and living in Lake Zurich, Chicago; Samuel Rodriguez, 67 years old, a retired US serviceman and living in Seattle; and Joel Rodriguez (that’s me), 59 years old, and a resident of Davao City.

  2. June 3, 2013 at 2:36 am | #2

    Inanang Cadia re-married after the traditional one year of “pagluluksa.” She married a widower, Claudio Aguilan. They bore 5 more children: Artemio (1919); Willie (1921); Ruth (1923); Henry (1926); and Feodor (1928).

    All my Tios and Tias from the brood of Amamang Marcos have long passed away. But I have cousins from that part of our clan that are still living, among whom are retired pastors (of the United Church of Christ in the Philippines) and blood brothers Rev. Celso and Rev. Ronnie Saliendra. Kuya Celso resides in Calamba, Laguna and Kuya Ronnie in Lucban.

    The surviving brood from the Aguilan side are: Artemio (Tio Temyong) who was known to be one of the strongest supporters of Erap when he was still Mayor of San Juan; Ruth Salamat (Tia Ruth) who has remained in Lucban; and retired Rev. Henry Aguilan who is based in Ibaan, Batangas. Tio Henry was implicated by the then PC-Metrocom as cohorts of the late Dr. Nemesio Prudente and (now Vice President) Jejomar Binay in the establishment of the Gerilyang Anakpawis sa Kalunsuran (GAK) that waged a short-lived urban guerrilla campaign in Metro Manila and Southern Tagalog from 1976 – 1979.

    Tio Willie was a guerila leader of Hukbalahap in southern Tagalog during the Japanese occupation.

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